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Medicine Minority

Chinese medicine is not only medicine of Han people, but also medicine of other ethnic groups. The ethnic minority groups -- including Tibetan, Mongol, Uygur, Korean, Zhuang, Dai, Yi, Miao, Lahu, Oroqen, and so on --, living under different geographical locations and cultures, create medicines with their own characteristics.

These medicines' current status differs because of the ethnic groups' different histories and cultures. Some ethnic groups not only have lots of treatment methods in medicine, but also have many theories. Other ethnic groups retain a few books scattered among the people; these books need to be sorted out. And there are still some ethnic groups who transmit their medicine orally.

Some ethnic minority groups adopt the medicine of Han and medicine from other countries when forming their own medicine. For instance, Tibetan medicine adopts contents of Han and ancient Indian medicine, while Mongolian medicine takes in contents of Han, Tibetan, and Russian medicine and so on.

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Iatrology of Mongolian Ethnic Minority
Based on traditional medical experiences gathered by the Mongolian people in fighting against diseases and under the influence and direction of simple materialism and dialectic, Mongolian iatrology absorbed parts of basic Tibetan and Indian medical theories as well as the Han iatrological knowledge and came to form its own unique iatrology.
Tibetan Medicine
To date, the use of altogether 2,294 kinds of Tibetan medicine have been recorded. Over 300 of them are commonly in use, of which over 200 of them are plant herbs, making up 70 percent of the total; over 40 are animal medicines (12 percentl); and with the remaining plus-40 being minerals (14 percent).
Uygur Iatrology
The Uygur iatrology and medicine account for a rather large proportion of TCM. Till now, the medicines included in the national pharmacopoeia have amounted to 202 kinds, including 115 medicinal materials and 87 preparations.
Iatrology of Zhuang Ethnic Minority
The wide application of poisonous and alexipharmic (antidote to poison) herbs is an important character of and a prominent contribution to Zhuang iatrology.

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