You are here > Home > Quick Navigation > Traditional Medicine

Diagnosis & Therapeutics

In Chinese medicine, doctors use various methods to get full and detailed information about the patients and to guide their treatment, via observing, listening, smelling, and touching. They also talk to the patients or their relatives.

To treat diseases, doctors use the methods of observation, auscultation and olfaction, interrogation, and pulse feeling and palpation. These methods, known as the four major methods, each have their distinctive function and doctors can make a correct analysis of diseases by applying all of them. 

It is believed that people's outer appearance is closely linked with their internal organs. If there is something wrong with the internal organs, such changes will be reflected in people's expressions and appearance. Therefore, doctors can analyze the changes of internal organs by observing the outer appearance.

Auscultation and Olfaction

By the methods of auscultation and olfaction, doctors try to diagnose diseases by listening to the sound of the patients and smelling the odor of excreta released by the human body.
By listening to the sound of the patients, doctors cannot only detect the changes of the organs related with sound, but also changes of the other internal organs. The sounds include: speech sound, breathing, coughing, hawking (clearing the throat noisily), and belching.

Also, doctors can smell the odor released by patients. It is believed that when viruses attack the human body, people's internal organs and blood will be affected, thus making their body fluid and excreta release a bad smell.


By interrogation, doctor will talk to the patients or someone who knows about the disease (to get the information about how the disease occurs, how it develops, its current symptoms, and how it is treated). This method is useful when there are no obvious symptoms from the patients' outer appearance. In this case, interrogation will help the doctors to get the information they need. Also, by interrogating, doctors can obtain other indirect information related with the disease, such as the patients' daily life, working environment, food preference, and marital status.

Pulse Feeling and Palpation

Doctors use the method of pulse feeling and palpation by touching or pressing the patient's pulse. It is believed that changes inside the body are reflected by the changes of the pulse activity. Sometimes doctors press the skin of a certain part of the body to identify the nature and the severity of the disease inside the body part.

Page 1 of 1    1 

Acupuncture of Chinese Medicine
Acupuncture is an important part of Chinese medicine. It was initially invented as a medical treatment technique and gradually became a science. The science of acupuncture aims to record its technique, clinic regulation, and basic theory.
Cupping of Chinese Medicine
Cupping is a TCM therapy involving the placement of glass, plastic, or bamboo cups on the skin with a vacuum.
Gua Sha of Chinese Medicine
Gua sha is a traditional ancient Chinese healing technique used by practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) dating back to over two thousands years and involves firmly rubbing a person's skin with a ceramic soupspoon or large coin.
Massage of Chinese Medicine
Massage (tui na in Chinese) means to manipulate the channels of the human body, thus preventing disease and maintaining health.

Page 1 of 1    1 

Quick Navigation

New Article