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Ethnic Group

China is a large country noted for its dense population and vast territory. There are 55 minority ethnic groups in addition to the Han who make up over 92% of China's vast population. The major minority ethnic groups are Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyei, Dong, Yao, Korean, Bai, Hani, Kazakh, Li, and Dai.

The defining elements of an ethnic group are language, homeland and social values. 53 minority ethnic groups use spoken languages of their own; 23 minority ethnic groups have their own written languages. Language families include Sino-Tibetan, Altaic, Indo-European, Austro-Asiatic, and Austronesian.

Equality, unity and common prosperity are the fundamental objectives of the government in handling the relations between minority ethnic groups. China exercises a policy of regional autonomy for various minority ethnic groups, allowing minority group people living in compact communities to establish self-government and direct their own affairs.

Although it is the elements of Han civilization that world considers "Chinese culture", the 55 ethnic minorities, nestled away on China's vast frontiers, maintain their own rich traditions and customs, and all are part of Chinese culture.

The following is a list of ethnic groups in China.


55 Ethnic Minorities:

Achang         Ewenki          Korean            Naxi                Tatar
Bai            Gaoshan         Lahu              Nu                  Tibetan
Bonan          Gelao           Li                Oroqen              Tu
Bouyei         Hani            Lisu              Ozbek               Tujia
Blang          Hezhe           Luoba             Pumi                Uigur
Dai            Hui             Manchu            Qiang               Wa
Daur           Jing            Maonan            Russian             Xibe
Deang          Jingpo          Menba             Salar               Yao
Dong           Jinuo           Miao              She                 Yi
Dongxiang      Kazak           Mongolian         Shui                Yugur
Dulong         Kirgiz          Mulao             Tajik               Zhuang 

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