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Other Famous Kilns

Jianyang kiln

Jianyang kiln was an ancient kiln famous for its black porcelain. It located in Jianyang county, Fujian province. Celadon was firstly fired in Jianyang kiln in Tang Dynasty. The most famous product was black glazed porcelain, which was usually called "Rabbit-fur". Moreover, there were some other kinds of black glaze such as partridge mottles, oil-spot glaze and tortoise-shell spot, etc.

Yaozhou Kiln

The Yaozhou Kiln was located in the Huangbao Town, Tongchuan City, Shanxi Province. In the Song Dynasty Tongchuan was called Yaozhou. The Yaozhou Kiln was a huge celadon kiln in North China at that time. Its history could trace back to Tang Dynasty(618-907) and last until Jin and Yuan Dynasty. The products category contains celadon, white porcelain, black porcelain. In the Northern Song Dynasty, its main product was celadon, which had deep color and brown on the edges. The roughcast of Yaozhou porcelains was brownish-gray colored. The glaze was thick, shining with yellowish-green color. The junction between the glaze and roughcast was brown-yellow. This is a characteristic of Yaozhou porcelains. The Yaozhou kiln used painting and carving as the major decoration method. The product was very exquisite and elegant.

Changsha kiln

The Changsha kiln located in Tongguan town, Changsha city of Hunan province. It established in mid-Tang dynasty, flourished in late Tang and ended in Five Dynasties. It was an important celadon kiln in south China at that time. The most remarkable achievement of Changsha kiln is the decoration including molded appliqué, calico-printing, moulded calico-printing, incised decoration and paste-on-paste.

Longquan Kiln

The Longquan Kiln was established by one of the two Zhang brothers: Zhang Sheng'er, the younger brother, opened the Kiln in the early Northern Song Dynasty. His old brother Zhang Shengyi established one of the Five Famous Kilns-- The Ge Kiln. When the Northern Song Dynasty was exterminated in 1127, the imperial family moved to Zhejiang Province and built up the Southern Song Dynasty. The location of the Longquan Kiln was close to the new capital Lin'an (today's Hangzhou), therefore the demand for its porcelains increase greatly for the need of the noble class. The kiln belongs to the part of celadon in south China. It used white clay for the cast, the glaze was usually green which was thick and strong, looked like jade.

Cizhou kiln

The Cizhou kiln was the largest faction of folk kilns in north China whose history could be traced back to Tang Dynasty. Its name came from the location in cizhou, Hebei Province. In the Song Dynasty the Cizhou Kiln was a typical nongovernmental kiln. The products were of various kinds among which white porcelain and black porcelain played an important role. It produced daily utilities for the public, including bottles, jars, pots, basins, especially well-known for its pillows. The decoration was wonderful and beautiful with white color as the grounding and interspersed with black ornament. What is more, the painting was vivid and lively, all based on the folk lives.

Jizhou Kiln

The Jizhou Kiln was established in the Tang Dynasty. The location was in the Yonghe Town, Jizhou (today's Ji'an) City, Jiangxi Province. The Jizhou kiln was famous for the black glaze porcelains. The roughcast was thick and heavy, the glaze was as dark as black lacquer, or sometimes looked like soy sauce. Workers used the Chinese paper cut as the decoration of the porcelain. Some of the Jizhou kiln porcelains also had the furnace-transmutation, by which the most well-known patterns created were turtle-shell and francolin feather patterns.

Jian Kiln

The Jian Kiln was famous for its black glaze porcelain in the Song Dynasty. Its name came from the location in Jianyang, Fujian Province. The Jian kiln was a nongovernmental kiln. However, in order to supply the best vessels to the court, the built up special kiln for the government service only. In these kilns the workers made the best porcelains such as bowls and cups with thicker and stronger roughcast and a pure black or dark purple glaze.

Xing kiln

Xing kiln, the most famous White porcelain kiln in Tang Dynasty, located in Qi village, Lincheng county of Hebei province. The roughcast of such porcelain was hard and delicate. The products are always in simple style without any pattern. They have thick ring roof and flat bottom. The porcelain of Xing kiln were created in early Tang Dynasty, flourished in middle Tang Dynasty. And because of the appearance of Ding kiln products, it declined in Late Tang Dynasty.

Yue kiln

Yue kiln refers to the early porcelain kiln of Shaoxing and Shangyu and Yuezhou of Tang and Song Dynasty. The history of such porcelain lasted more than 1000 years, from East Han to Song Dynasty and its scale kept on expanding. In Tang dynasty, Yue kiln developed rapidly and the celadon of Yue kiln represented the highest level of celadon at that time. What is more, a new kind of product---secret color, which was created in Tang Dynasty, was regarded as tribute.

Yingqing Kiln

Jingdezhen is a city in the Jiangxi Province. This city has been producing porcelains since the Song Dynasty. Today it is called "the Capital of Porcelain". One of Jingdezhen porcelain masters'great invention is the Yingqing porcelain, also called the Qingbai (Green and White) porcelain. The color of the glaze is either green or white, very clear and pure, as smooth as a piece of jade. It made fine porcelain bowls, plates, bottles, jars and porcelain pillows. What is more, the Yingqing porcelain was the first translucent roughcast porcelain.

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