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Liaoqi, also called glassware, was originated in the late years of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) and early years of the Ming Dynasty (1644-1911). Glassware became one of popular craftworks in the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911).

Glassware is made of glass with a relatively low melting point and it was introduced into China from the western regions (today's Xinjiang and Central Asian regions). During the Wanli reign (1572-1620) in the Ming Dynasty, glassware making became very prevalent in Boshan of Shandong Province in northern China and was introduced to Beijing. In 1696, the first large-scale factory of colored glaze emerged in Beijing, which was engaged in production of glassware for the palace. The glassware it manufactured was much appreciated by royal members.

Beijing and Boshan of Shandong were the most famous places that produced glassware in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Glassware made in Boshan of Shandong was reputed as Boshan Artistic Colored Glaze and Boshan was famed for mimic jade, agate and corals. The glassware carving that combined practicability and decorativeness was especially famous for its fine design.

Glassware made in Beijing was carefully designed and was prismy and acclaimed as the peak of perfection. Mimic jade articles in Beijing looked genuine and the craft was really outstanding. The types of glassware covered traditional ornaments, daily decorative articles, birds, beasts, flowers, fruits, figural carving and so on, which were famous home and abroad.

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